Robert H. Reese, Jr., has rejoined Pyfer Partners as a Shareholder and brings with him his expertise in family law, specializing in divorce, custody and support. He also specializes in criminal law and has had a number of his opening and closing arguments published in national publications.
Mr. Reese is a life-long resident of Lancaster County and a graduate from Manheim Township High School, class of 1965. Mr. Reese graduated from Valparaiso University of Valparaiso, Indiana with double majors of honors in political science and honors in American history. He has practiced law in Lancaster County on a continuous basis since 1972. In addition to practicing law in Lancaster County, he has practiced law in 27 Pennsylvania counties and has appeared in the United States Federal Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and the Middle District of Pennsylvania.
Mr. Reese is a member of the Pennsylvania Bar Association, Lancaster County Bar Association and has been admitted to practice in the both the Eastern District and Middle District of the United States Federal Court.
Mr. Reese has been involved in sports his entire life and has completed numerous marathons and ultra marathons. He is the past president of the Manheim Township Boosters Club and was affiliated with the Central Pennsylvania United States Naval Academy Parents Association. He resides with his wife in Lancaster and they have two daughters.
This article is no longer available.
A. Faye Mowrer, Financial Administrator, was recently named 2011’s Woman of the Year for the Conestoga/Wheatland Chapter of the American Business Women’s Association.
Christopher C. Straub, Esquire, was recently honored by the Pennsylvania School Boards Association for his time and talent for the betterment of public education in serving on the Penn Manor District School Board.
Abner Comes Home
By Matthew Teaque Pennsylvania Super Lawyers 2005 As seen in Super Lawyers Magazine of 2005
In a landscape of simple white farmhouses, this one stood apart. Simple, yes, White, yes, Farmhouse. But the flashy snowmobile out front hinted at something else.
Abner Stoltzfus, probably the most notorious Amishman alive, moved into the upstairs of this house after his prison stint. When I knocked on the door recently, Abner opened it with a warm smile “Come on up,” he said, without asking who I was, as though he had been waiting. He turned and walked up green shag-carpeted stairs with a slight limp, the residue of a childhood spent in leg braces.
He is 30 and a bachelor, and his apartment exhibits all the signs of that: the awful carpet, the collection of pool-hall trophies, the fold-up furniture. In the kitchen he stopped and turned, awkward, trying to think what people say when they have visitors. “Want something to drink?”
I supposed aloud that he was no longer Amish, judging from the big diesel pickup parked outside, the snowmobile, computer, pack of cigarettes on the kitchen table, clear plastic phone so you can see the guts of the thing. Sweatshirt and blue jeans, baseball cap. Something in the eyes. Something of the world.
“Nah,” Abner said, as thou shrugging off the old life. No longer Amish.
With that, he sat down at his tiny kitchen table and spoke openly, for hours. The public had only known the absurd punch line, back in 1998: Two Amish guys named Abner Stoltzfus (not related) had bought a whopping one-and-a-half kilos of cocaine from a biker gang called the Pagans. Then they distributed it to other Amish kids at parties called “hoedowns.” But the Amish are a close-mouthed people in general, and the Abners were silent in particular as the saga unfolded. Now, as the sun from the window eased across his kitchen floor, the words seemed to tumble from Abner, a relief to finally describe the downfall and the intrigue, the shame and the secret meetings. Sometimes he stuttered slightly, and he winced during the embarrassing parts, but mostly he spoke with the bemused manner of a man recalling some odd adolescent lapse: Can you believe I did that?
Afterward he took a long pause and sat back from the kitchen table. “You ever been on an Amish farm?” He knew I hadn’t. Few outsiders have. So why did he ask? What could he want to show me there, and why – as an outsider himself, now – would he dare?
In his truck, Abner settled into the driver’s seat as though it were a leather armchair. He cracked open the driver’s window and reached for a cigarette, which he lit with tender attention, drinking down the smoke. He checked his cell phone for messages and turned up the radio. He did these things with relish, a prince in exile who surrounds himself with the world’s luxuries. The smoke finally reappeared, leaking from his nostrils in two silver strands.
Abner left the Amish shortly after the year he spent in prison, in 2000. “I just don’t believe you have to live that way,” he said. Abner’s drug-dealing partner, whom we’ll call Abner X. Stoltzfus, joined the Amish church through baptism after serving his sentence and married an Amish girl, Lydia Reihl, who had written to the judge on his behalf and then stood by him during his imprisonment. I asked Abner whether he has a girlfriend. He laughed and looked away. He’s a handsome guy, with close-cropped hair and a dark complexion. “I guess I’ve got a lot of girlfriends,” he said.
Along the road, people waved at Abner constantly: a woman on a tractor, a man in a truck, a man in a field. Everyone knows him. We passed the Gordonville Volunteer Fire Department, where Abner works as a firefighter. He recently campaigned for the local assistant fire chief’s position, and jokes that he lost by a single vote. “Stupid me. I had voted for the other guy,” Abner said, laughing. You can take off the wide-brim hat and shave the beard, but Amish manners last forever.
Traveling through Lancaster County feels like disassembling time, with every pasture a year and every rise a decade, so that the county’s middle seems to reside a century away. The houses grow stonier and simpler, with no cars out front, with drying lines strung from homes to barns and the pure white shirts crucified, the hanged pants and dresses, the tiny children’s versions. But not the underwear. Never the underwear.
The Stoltzfus dairy sits just a mile or two from Abner’s place a short trip even in a buggy. Abner killed his truck’s big diesel motor next to the barn, and silence came rushing in. He pulled a couple of gulps from his cigarette and stubbed it out.
He glanced around for his father, then stepped inside the barn, which was immaculate, with pristine floors and tidy racks of tools. About 50 head of cattle stood in their stalls, quietly shuffling. Abner showed them off, bending to stroke the head of a newborn calf. The horses stamped in their stalls, waiting for their yokes and the inevitable turning of the soil.
I asked Abner whether he stood to inherit the whole outfit. He looked down. “Nah.”
Then Abner’s father, John Stoltzfus, backed into the room sweeping.
As a child, Abner would ride to church in the rear of his parents’ buggy, clopping along country roads. While his father worked the reins, Abner would lift up a black cloth flap in the back to watch sports cars flash by. So sleek. So loud. He loved them loud.
“The Amish guys would always have these souped-up cars, you know,” Abner told me. Tinted windows, chrome wheels, hopped-up mufflers. “From the back of the buggy I would watch these Camaros and Cutlasses go by.”
Those freewheeling Amish guys were enjoying rumspringa (“running around”), a phase that starts at age 16 and stretches until they decide to be baptized into the church, or not. During rumspringa, Amish teens move among outsiders, whom they call “they English,” giving them a chance to sample the world before deciding whether to devote themselves to Amish life. They join “gangs” ranging from the conservative Parakeets to the looser Pilgrims. It’s a centuries-old idea, that someone can only choose baptism as an adult, when he can opt not to accept the world’s influence. So, the Amish reason, how can a young person choose to give up something he has never experienced? Their plan works. Ninety percent of their teens come home.
When Abner turned 16, he joined one of the faster groups, called the Crickets, where some members drove cars and drank booze. Abner started slow, installing a radio in the back of his buggy. He’d listen to Nirvana, Led Zeppelin, whatever. Then he started bringing beer along on his buggy rides, holding the reins in one hand and a bottle in the other. “If I wanted to have a drink, I wanted to have a drink,” Abner said. “Now, I wasn’t going to ride down the road with my head out the window drinking a beer…”
Abner started up his own roofing company and put aside enough money to buy a car just before he turned 18. He drove it home to his parents’ farm and parked it far from the house, out in a pasture. His father stepped from the house and saw it: a gleaming monster – red Thunderbird – jacked up in the rear-up on its haunches–Father forgive him.
Abner ambled up and waited for his father’s word. “Just don’t park it near the house,” he said. “Son… don’t be too bold.” Then he turned and walked inside, leaving Abner to think. Was this approval? Disappointment?
One weekend, Abner and a friend traveled out of Lancaster County to see a demolition derby, an exquisite Amish splurge, almost pornographic, to watch perfectly good cars smash into each other. At the derby, Abner’s friend saw an English neighbor from home, whom Abner describes as “a long-haired hippie guy.” He needed a ride, so Abner and his friend obliged.
In the car, Long-Hair asked, “You guys mind if I smoke?”
Nah, Abner said. He’d seen plenty of cigarettes. No big deal. We’re worldly guys.
“But he pulled out this thing” – here, Abner uses his hands to form a bowl shape – “and we were looking at each other like, “What is that?”
Then Long-Hair remembered his manners. “You want a little?”
The Amish pair furrowed their brows. No, no, Heh heh. Nah.
“But he kind of freaked out, like wondering why we didn’t want it,” Abner said. “He asked again and we said, “Hey, all right. I’ll try it.”
By the time they dropped Long-Hair off, they were all loopy. Abner bought 20 bucks’ worth of pot from the guy and smoked it immediately.
With time, Abner was shocked to discover a whole culture of pot-smoking Amish guys in gangs like the Antiques and the Pilgrims. An Antique—Abner X. —pulled him aside one day. “You ever tried this?” He had cocaine. “You want to?”
The two Abners shared a name growing up but little else. Abner King Stoltzfus was wiry, darker complected, with the limp. The other, Abner X. Stoltzfus, was robust and plump. Abner sported a modern slightly rebellious hairstyle, which the Amish call “getting the haircut,” while Abner X. kept the traditional bowl shape. But they did share the one thing: They were Amish. Brothers. So Abner didn’t hesitate. He just leaned into the line of white powder and—
The rush. Cocaine flows through an Amishman’s bloodstream the same as anyone else’s. The Abners snorted more and more, working together on roofs during the week and inhaling their profits on the weekends. Abner X. took Abner to meet his source for the coke: the Pagans.
“There was this guy, this big guy with tattoos and long hair and the whole thing, a motorcycle with the handlebars way up here” —Abner indicated “ape-hanger” handlebars. “I couldn’t believe Abner knew that guy. I would have been too scared to talk to him. But Abner had met him doing a roofing job. And you know, when you’re working like that, everybody’s kind of the same. You talk to people you wouldn’t maybe talk to otherwise.”
That was Doug Hersch, better known as Juke. He was a big-time Lancaster County drug importer, and his partner, Dwayne Blank, was better known as B.D., as in Big Dwayne.”
“We went over to the guy’s house,” Abner said. “I was scared. I thought, I don’t want to be here. There was this bit 400-poung guy on the sofa, just looking at us. I was scared to death. What am I doing here?”
The Abners’ lifestyle accelerated, snorting and selling now, pushing coke to other Crickets and Antiques and Pilgrims. Abner said they never thought about illegality, or morality; “To us, it was just a different drunk,” he said. Sometimes they bought just a couple of thousand dollars’ worth. And on some weekends, when they organized massive 500-person hoedowns, they’d make a bigger buy. Six thousand. Seven thousand. Eight. It went on for two years.
The Abners were cocaine dealers, yes, but they weren’t good at it. They would put out whole plates of the stuff on a hay bale and let their friends take what they wanted, confident they would pay later. The honor system, it turns out, didn’t make for efficient coke dealing, and the Abners started losing money fast. But the hoedowns were a hit.
In his apartment, Abner had stepped to a drawer in his kitchen and pulled out a pack of photos. They showed Amish kids hanging out around a barn, drinking and grooving to the sounds of an Amish rock band with electric guitars, drums, and sweat in their eyelashes. The girls wore bonnets and had bare feet, surrounded by beer cans on the ground but covering their mouths as they laughed.
Abner gazed at the photos a long time before setting them aside, seeming resigned in some way. He picked up his keys. Time to take me to the family farm.
The swick, swick of a straw broom announced Abner’s father, John Stoltzfus, as he swept his way into the room. He stopped when he saw Abner, and his face broke into a wide grin, the smooth upper lip curling over the long dark beard. I wasn’t sure why Abner had brought me here until his father caught sight of me.
A gleaming monster — red Thunderbird—jacked up in the rear — up on its haunches
The father reached out and shook my hand. I realized Abner hadn’t brought me here to show me something, but just the opposite: He had brought me here for his father’s approval, and received it. “Come inside,” he said, setting his broom aside.
The father’s warmth surprised me, and confounded the world’s expectation of the Amish. They seem so stern to outsiders, glowering at tourists from their plows along Lancaster roadsides, so strict and faithful to the Ordnung, their rules for behavior. But pain is pain and love is love, and the Abners had pricked a flow of both, the Amish embraced them in the only way they knew how. Abner X. Stoltzfus’s father Aaron wrote a heart-wrenching confession to the judge in Philadelphia alluding to his son’s rebirth in Christ.
In Jesus Name,
Trying to express myself about
Abner and the Community.
Abner is like a New Creature
To his Parents and the Community.
Plus he does not like to miss church.
(What a Blessing thank God)
…forgive our mistakes
that me and Emma and Abner
have done. We apoligze.
“Worse than prison, worse than any of it, was the shame.” Abner had said. “I embarrassed my father. My Family. My mother had dark hair before all this.” But this hardened community cradled the Abners in its bosom, and continues to protect them even now. As I searched for them recently, I heard the truthful Amish finesse the truth at every turn: “Oh, well, my. There are many Abner Stoltzfuses here….” Strictly true. And Abner X. seemed to enjoy special protection as a baptized member of the church, so that at every corner I saw the heel of his hobnailed boot, the flutter of his coat, and then he was gone, disappeared. Eventually he sent word that he, like most Amishmen, didn’t want to be written about.
At the Stoltzfus dairy, Abner and his father traipsed across a yard toward the father’s home, a large white two-story. Abner’s grandfather lives in an identical house just behind it, and his brother lives in another one beyond that. Around the family compound, rich, heathery pasture stretched in every direction. Abner could have had this, a portion of the farm and a quadruplet house, with the same simple roofline and inviting front door. I pictured him standing with a scale in his hand, balancing the Amish homestead on one side and a pack of cigarettes on the other. No: the option of cigarettes.
At first, leaving the community was hard, he said. No one screamed. No one yelled or cursed, or disciplined him. But a quiet knowledge filled the farm: Abner’s ways were not the old ways.
It felt like plowing in winter, straining against unbroken ground. He was an Amish man, behaving wrongfully. But once the ground broke, the straining stopped. Suddenly he was an English man, behaving admirably. “It was fine once they accepted that I was gone and wasn’t coming back,” he said. Which is a curious description, considering that Abner never actually went anywhere. Not geographically, at least. He still moves about the Amish community every day. The father and son still walk together from barn to house, smiling, pointing at this rabbit, listening to that bird, feeling warmth from the same sun.
Inside the house, Abner’s mother and teenage sister welcomed us into the living room while the father slipped off his mucky boots. The mother’s hair glimmered under her bonnet: silver now. She and Abner’s sister stood with hands clasped, and seemed to wait for something to happen. How long had they waited? Everything about them, their coloring, the texture and style of their clothing, their posture, gave the impression they had climbed down from a Vermeer painting. Especially Abner’s younger sister, who must know at least something about the world outside. The Milkmaid, or The Girl with a Pearl Earring. No: Woman Holding a Balance.
It was here, into this serene scene, that a man intruded seven years ago with a knock at the door. He introduced himself as a house painter new to the area. He wanted to work with Abner, he said, and left a business card behind. When Abner met with him later, the man revealed himself not as a painter, but as an undercover drug agent. The FBI and state police were investigating the Pagans, he said, and a name — or was it two names? — kept cropping up on their wiretap: Abner Stoltzfus. Now the cops wanted something from the Abners. Something dangerous.
In Amish culture, bishops and elders hand down all social perspective. They dictate how to dress, how to travel, how to work. Especially when it comes to missing with “worldlings.” For an authoritative view of the Abners and their place in society, I visited a farm belonging to Sam Stoltzfus, in Gordonville. He’s an elder in the community, not related to the Abners but familiar with their case.
From Sam Stoltzfus’s farmhouse stoop I could see the whole of the Amish panorama, surrounded by ancient farmland. Geologists say it’s the finest in the world, a green patchwork quilt spread over the bedrock.
I knocked. “Yes,” someone shouted from within the farmhouse. “Come.”
Tourists love Amish furniture for its simple solidness, made with no more wood than necessary, hewn in the old ways. But the furniture is only an extension of the Amish philosophy: they eat, pray and speak in the same way, without a moment or word to spare. It makes for blunt conversation at the table. While Sam and his teenage sons slurped their soup, the elder asked in the straightforward Amish way about my church background. I told him I’m Southern Baptist, and wondered aloud how we, a Protestant and an Amishman, can have such similar doctrinal beliefs—the basic tenets of Christianity—and yet look so different and act so differently.
“Well,” Sam said, chewing his homemade bread. “One thing is, you believe in slavery.”
To even deny it felt guilty. “I do not believe in any such— “
“Oh yes you do,” San said. “You voted for it there at your Triennial Convention. You certainly did.” He smiled happily and continued with his bread. Later I looked up the Triennial Convention, and sure enough, there it was: held in 1841 in Georgia, where one faction of Baptists accused another faction of plotting against slaveholders.
Throughout the meal, Sam whipped the discussion through the centuries without effort or notice. It’s a curiosity of life among the Amish that time and distance seem to compress and elongate at turns, like taffy boiled down, then stretched thin. One Amishman—a gazebo-maker—once gave me directions to a meeting at the top of “Sheep Hill,” the first hill off a major road. I turned off the road and climbed the hill, higher and higher, a small mountain. But the place called “Sheep Hill” by the Amish, it turned out, was the small hump at the bottom of the mountain. When you’re gripping the reins of a buggy, time and distance take on a new deliberation. Same for when another Amishman, a farmer, told me he “kept in touch” with one of the Abners. He mentioned later that they hadn’t spoken in two years.
While short-term measurements stretch out, the Amish keep distant history tucked close. Sam Stoltzfus hastily crumbled a handful of crackers into a bowl of pink marshmallow cream and chewed his way through the sect’s history as though it had unfolded just before lunch:
The Amish trace their roots to 16th-century Zurich, he said, where a group of fiery students felt the Protestant Reformation needed to “get on with it.” The authorities chased them down and hacked them up, drowned them, burned them and cast them into prison. The sect learned to dodge cities and industry and stick to farming in the countryside. Cities and technology came to represent threat and danger, associations that linger with the Plain community even today.
“We wanted to be a little more separate,” Sam said, as though he had been in on the decision. “We are to be a ‘peculiar people.’ That’s what Peter told us, so that’s what we do.” He yanked a callused thumb over his shoulder, as if the apostle Peter worked at the next farm over.
Sam and his sons face a challenge. After the Amish sailed to Pennsylvania, a tradition formed wherein Amish fathers would buy their sons farms when they married and left home. But in recent years, they’ve encountered what Sam calls “the Lunch-Pail Threat.” Many people think of the Amish as akin to the Shakers, an all but extinct religious community. But since 1980, the Amish population in Lancaster County, including unbaptized youth, has leapt from 10,000 to 25,000. In the same period, farmland has grown scarce due to real estate development. The two trajectories are colliding: The Amish have a surplus of sons and a dearth of farmland to give them. So they have turned to other industry, from wooden toys to gazebos to carpentry. But such jobs bring young Amish men (toting lunch pails) into contact with worldlings, and since the jobs tend to be the type a little-educated man can do, they attract a gritty element. “So it was with the Abners,” Sam said. “But that taught us to keep closer to ourselves.” He seemed sad, and his sons lightened quietly: “The Abners taught us a lot of things.”
“Oh man,” John Pyfer said, sighing. “They were so naïvé.” Pyfer is a Lancaster attorney who has represented several young Amishmen, mostly for drunken buggy driving and underage tippling. He represented Abner X. Stoltzfus in the drug case, and when he first met with the Abners, he said, “They though of cocaine as something similar to drinking. When I told them this wasn’t just a fineable offense, you could have blown them over with a feather. They had no idea.”
Pyfer believes in telling the truth. In his office he keeps a foot-tall statue of himself in Boy Scout regalia, and the first tenet of the Scout Law is, “A Scout tells the truth.”
But the Abners’ upbringing made Pyfer’s job a nightmare. Thanks to the Amish notions of confession and truth-telling, both young men had spilled their stories the moment agents came knocking. “There was nothing to defend,” Pyfer said. “The best we could do was help in the investigation.” So Pyfer found himself sitting in this same office, with Abner X. Stoltzfus and the two FBI agents. The agents wanted Abner X. Stoltzfus to wear a wire to record the Abners’ next drug buy from the Pagans. Pyfer went rigid; these Amish kids may be drug dealers, he told the agents, but they’re completely ignorant of that world. He tried to impress on Abner X. that the Pagans would gleefully slit his throat if they suspected he was recording their meeting. “He didn’t appreciate the danger,” Pyfer said. “Not at all.”
Abner X. wore the bug under his black hat. “I went home that weekend and couldn’t sleep,” said Pyfer. “I fully expected to get a call saying this kid was dead. But when Monday came around, Abner said, ‘Hey, everything’s fine.” He was completely unafraid.”
Abner and Abner X. continued their lives after the sting, hardly aware they were in trouble. Abner had almost forgotten about it when he was driving home from a roofing job one day and turned on the radio in his truck. They were talking about two Amish guys who were busted for drugs,” he said. “I looked at my friend and said, “Can you believe that?”
Abner pulled over his truck at the nearest gas station and searched for a newspaper—none to be found. And none at the next store, or the next, or the next. “I tried seven paces before I found a paper,” Abner said. The Amish avoid television news, but by gum, they’ll make a run on newspapers when word gets around. And there it was, on the front page of the local paper: Abner Stoltzfus and Abner Stoltzfus, charged with drug dealing along with the Pagans.
Abner reeled back out to his truck and drove home, where he found his father standing outside the house, waiting. Abner stepped to face him. “Abner,” the father said. Soft. Lost. “What’s going on?”
What’s going on. What’s going on. What’s going on. The words clanged in Abner’s skull for years afterward. The shame. His father never struck him, never cursed him, never raised his voice. A blow to the head might have felt better. Anger. Rage. All straightforward emotions. But the father was only bewildered, and sad.
The Abners’ bravery during the sting had impressed the FBI and police.
Pyfer, the lawyer, devised a plan to further polish the young men’s image. They would hold a drug awareness meeting, where the Abners could warn other Amish youths to avoid cocaine. “I’ll admit it was a lark,” Pyfer said. “We needed to do something to make these guys look good.” There was no publicity for the meeting, and no notice in the newspapers. Only the Amish were invited, by word of mouth. Pyfer expected around 60 to come to the local fire hall and hear the Abners’ story. Three hundred showed up.
The only frame of reference the Amish had for such a gathering was church. So the young women sat on one side, the young men on the other; parents sat in the rear, and elders sat together. They opened with a prayer, then sang a hymn. The FBI agent gave his testament, then Pyfer, and finally the Abners. Midway through the meeting, Pyfer realized his lark had turned into something important. Something powerful. Toward the end, an Amish girl stood up. She had something to say: She, too, had suffered an addiction to cocaine. It’s real, she warned the elders.
It was an extraordinary step, for a young Amish woman to presume advising the bishops of her faith. But she spoke up: We have a problem her in heaven on earth.
After that first meeting, Pyfer realized the Abners were only one facet of a huge, naïve culture; they just happened to get caught. Pyfer, the police and the Abners organized another meeting, and then another, and over nine months they wound up holding a dozen clandestine meetings, in barns, abandoned stores and houses, attended by a total of about 12,000 Amish people. Despite such epic numbers, no local newspaper caught word of the meetings. “We really wanted to keep things secret.” Pyfer said.
“There were many questions, hours of questions,” said Greg Auld, an FBI special agent. “Basic questions: What color is cocaine? I mean, that’s how basic were at that point.”
Pyfer realized the Amish aren’t stupid, but he needed to teach them a whole new vocabulary if they were to understand the threat from drugs. He remembered a pamphlet he had used with young Boy Scouts, called “Drugs–A Deadly Game.” “It was written at about a fifth-grade level,” Pyfer said. “That’s just what we needed.”
On the day of the Abners’ sentencing, in June 1999, a flock of 300 Amish faithful walked down Market Street to the U.S. Courthouse. They had, extraordinarily, rented a fleet of vans and ridden into the City of Philadelphia, with its strange sounds and sights and smells. Buildings leaned in on them; cars careened on all sides. The long corporate Amish memory bore down on them; cities and technology, beheaded and stoned.
They stepped into the courthouse lobby, where armed guards guided them through a great metal arch that squealed like a roped calf. “It almost took an act of Congress to get them all through the metal detector,” Pyfer said. “They use pins instead of buttons in their clothes, so it took forever.”
In the courtroom, Judge Clarence Newcomer and his deputy clerk, Mike Finney; marveled at the number of Amish supporters. The crowd overflowed into the hallway.
“I must note this,” the judge told the courtroom. “I have, in my going onto 28 years on the bench, never received such an outpouring of expression…”
It didn’t make sense. The Amish are famous for “shunning” church members who stray, yet they turned out in droves to support two of the worst offenders in the history of the sect. They wave to Abner as he roars past their buggies in his big diesel truck.
“There’s a lot of people who don’t understand about the Amish,” Peter Seibert, director of the Lancaster County Heritage Center, told me. “People think they only act according to good vs. evil.”
More often, the Amish act according to push vs. pull. They avoid things that push the community apart, and embrace things that pull it together. For instance, electricity is not, in itself, evil. But if you’re up late at night watching TV, you probably won’t make it out of bed at sunrise to milk the cows. So the whole community suffers. Old Sam Stoltzfus with his century-crossing memory fears the Lunch Pail Threat, not because non-farming jobs are wrong, but because they take fathers away from their families during the day.
“Let’s say you and I are standing here talking and your cell phone rings,” Seibert said. “You’re going to answer it, and that makes me feel less important.” So the phone, in tiny increments, pushes each member of the community apart.
Most English misunderstand shunning, too. They thinks it’s a way to cast people from the community without aid. But it’s the opposite: When an Amish congregation excommunicates and then shuns a member—usually for an offense coupled with an unrepentant heart—other members are supposed to give him help or food if he needs it, but can’t receive his help or services while the shunning lasts. So that’s the most dreaded punishment in Amish culture: not being able to help out the community.
The Abners weren’t evil to the Amish community. They were useful. They cast light on a drug crisis. “I think it’s great they’re welcomed back into the community,” the Amish gazebo-maker told me. “Both boys did things they shouldn’t have. Both paid for it. So they deserve to come home.”
Judge Newcomer had given the Pagan bikers fairly stiff sentences, around five years in prison. “They were instigators. And they knew,” he said
“They knew.” But with the Abners, he was more lenient; a year in prison, and then five years’ monitored release.
Later, when Abner finally came home from prison, his father greeted him with a warm welcome and a piece of paper. “What’s this?’ Abner asked.
Abner’s father had covered more than $40,000 in his son’s legal fees and debts while he was away. “Your bill,” he told Abner. “You’ll pay this back.”
After a mild Amish joke, one about Abner working on roofs for a living and a Bible verse about the misery of life on a roof, the laughter subsides, and it’s time for us to leave his father’s house. Before we go, they approach for a quick, wordless embrace.
The two men make easy company. Neither owes the other. Abner did pay back his debts, which took years, yes, but after all the shame and the sorrow, such firm forgiveness feels warm and soft, like sunlight on his face. His father could have cast him aside altogether. A drinker. A liar. A cocaine dealer.
Instead, embracing, the father and son embody all the lovely backwardness of the Amish paradox: Abner’s father holds him closer than many fathers with blameless sons.
Where there’s a will
It is not an easy task for parents to decide their children’s future
By Catherine S. Molitoris New Era Staff Writers As seen in Lancaster Intelligencer Journal, Lancaster NewEra and the Lancaster Sunday News
Even before her first child was born, Chris Duncan was thinking of the future.The Millersville woman and her husband Mark began drafting a will while Chris was pregnant with her son Jamie, now 7. “My primary motivation for having a will was to protect our children,” says Duncan, now also the mother of Sam, 4. “I wanted to be sure that-if-something-happened to Mark or me, our children would be taken care of.”
The Duncans did the right thing, says John F. Pyfer Jr., senior partner at Pyfer Partners in Lancaster, who notes that for parents, a will is about so much more than just doling out personal property.
“A will is your suggestion for guardianship of your children,” he says. “It’s the only way to be sure everyone knows your wishes after you die.”
In the death of only one parent, in most cases, guardianship would revert to the surviving parent. If both parents die, however, without a will, it can become a battle between family members to determine where the children will go.
Pyfer says many parents mistakenly think that family members or friends will all agree on what’s best for their children.
“That doesn’t always happen,” he says. “After a surprise death, and in this case, the death of two people, there is often a tug of war that happens. You get people saying “You’re too old to care for them,’ or ‘The kids are closer to me’ or ‘Our children intended the grandchildren to stay with us.’
“It’s very rare that couples have sat down with both sets of in-laws and had a heart-to-heart conversation about what will happen after their death. It’s not a conversation you normally have.”
Pyfer notes that guardianship is just a suggestion, and the court can overrule it. “The guardian has to be someone who is in the child’s best interest,” he says.
For this reason, he recommends that parents choose a guardian and an alternate.
When choosing a guardian, he says, parents should consider all the options.
“I suggest they think of someone who they feel very comfortable with and who they are very close with,” he says, “if they could think of anyone in the world, who would it be? Then go to that person and say, “This is what I’d like you to do.”
For the Duncans, choosing a guardian involved many factors.
“We wanted what would be the least disruptive for Jamie and Sam.” Duncan says. “If something were to happen to us, we wanted someone who would take the best care of them but who could keep them here, where they have established their lives and where their friends are. We didn’t like the idea of our children, if they’ve just lost their parents, having to be moved away from this area to live with someone else.”
For this reason, the Duncans updated their will when they moved to Pennsylvania from New Jersey a few years ago, and changed their sons’ guardians in the process.
Pyfer recommends that parents revisit their wills every five years, or after a major life experience such as a birth, death or marriage.
Duncan says she and her husband also considered the lifestyle of the people they chose as their sons’ guardians.
“We wanted someone who had the same values we have,” she says. “We considered things like, do they have children or not? Would they be willing and able to physically accommodate them in a space but also in their lives? Were they used to having children around, and were they used to everything that brings in terms of responsibility?”
Writing a will is relatively easy, Pyfer says, adding that parents just need to make an appointment with an attorney.
The process of writing a will typically takes under an hour, Pyfer says.
“The hardest part is just making the appointment to come in and write a will,” he notes, “because it makes us see our own mortality.”
He also urges parents to write a power of attorney and living will, covering all the legal bases in case of death or health crisis. He charges between $100 and $150 for a basic will.
For property management, Pyfer says the will should set up a trust, because in Pennsylvania, children under 18 can’t hold property in their own name.
“I recommend using a financial institution as the trust, because an individual typically doesn’t want the financial responsibility of managing a trust,” he says.
After the will is written, he suggests storing it in a safe deposit box at the bank where you normally do business.
“Make sure someone knows where the key is,” he says, “or if you own your own lock box at home, make sure the executor of your will knows where you keep your keys.”
The worst place to keep a will is at your lawyer’s office, he says, since family members may not know who your lawyer is.
Although the process of making a will is relatively easy, Pyfer cautions, “I don’t want to underestimate the significance of this decision.”
For her family, Duncan says it was not a decision she took lightly.
“Your will is really your voice,” she says. “You can’t assume everybody will do what you want after you’re gone.”
She was especially concerned about alleviating any potential arguments that could arise without a will.
“I don’t want anybody to have acrimony after we die,” she says. “I want them to support my children and not worry about what Mark or I wanted. I don’t want them to make things any harder than they already are.
“It’s important that we make those suggestions now, so that when I die, nobody will every say, ‘I wonder what she would have wanted? Are we doing the right thing?’ “
When it comes to Scouting, John Pyfer is no tenderfoot
By Paula Wolf, Sunday News Staff Writer As seen in Lancaster Intellignecer Journal from June of 2005
Given his accomplishments as an attorney, it’s no surprise John F. Pyfer Jr.’s resume is six pages long.
But three of those pages are dedicated to another cause to which he has been devoted, now for more than half a century: the Boy Scouts of America.
Today is the start of Boy Scout Week, and Pyfer’s involvement with Scouting shows no signs of slowing down.
In February 2003, he got to meet President George W. Bush when he was among eight Scouts chosen to deliver the Boy Scouts’ annual report to the president in the Oval Office.
Hometown: Willow Street.
Current residence: Lancaster.
Family: Wife of 34 years, Carol T. Pyfer; son John F. III (Trey), 30, who is also an Eagle Scout; and daughter Carol Lee (Carrie), 25.
Education: The Peddie School, class of 1965; Haverford College, class of 1969; Vanderbilt University School of Law, class of 1972.
Occupation: Attorney at law, founder and senior partner of Pyfer Partners.
How long I’ve been active with the Boy Scouts: Since July 25, 1954.
How I got involved and why: Initially I joined Cub Scout Pack 58 (Den 3), which was sponsored by Willow Street United Church of Christ, where I attended church school. After earning my Arrow of Light, I became a member of Troop 58 and, due to the tireless efforts of the Scoutmaster, Robert Shaub, earned my Eagle rank on Jan. 10, 1962. Bob Shaub remains one of the most important men in my life. He was a role model to the Scouts of Willow Street because he lived the Scout Law in his everyday life and showed us how important Scouting’s values were.
The positions I’ve held with the organization over the years: Council commissioner, council president, area president, northeast region vice president, national committee member.
What Scouting means to me: Each morning I repeat the Scout Law and each night I ask myself if I followed the Scout Oath (“On my honor I will do my best to do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout Law; to help other people at all times; to keep myself physically strong, mentally awake and morally straight”).
Some of the highlights of my Scouting career, in addition to meeting President Bush: In 2001, I was named a Distinguished Eagle Scout. I have also had the privilege of attending six International Jamborees and seven National Jamborees.
My other community involvements: President of Willow Street UCC, twice past president of the Willow Street Lions Club, chairman elect of the Heritage Center of Lancaster County.
My unfulfilled ambition: To play Conrad Birdie in the musical “Bye Bye Birdie.”
The person in history I most admire: Lord Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scouts.
Whom in the world I’d most like to have dinner with: My wife. There is no one more special in my life.
Favorite music: Anything from the 1960s.
Favorite TV show: “Law & Order.”
Favorite foods: Filet mignon with baked potato, Caesar salad and French apple pie.
Favorite restaurant: Carr’s.
Pastime/hobby: Raising orchids. My son and I operate Pyfer Greenhouses at 25 Rider Ave. where we have more than 7,000 orchids and also board tropical patio plants. It is the only pastime other than Scouting that totally relaxes me from the courtroom.
Magazines I read: U.S. News & World Report and Sports Illustrated.
The best movie I’ve ever seen: “Follow Me, Boys!” (Fred MacMurray portrays a Scoutmaster).
My favorite vacation spot: Anyplace warm where I can scuba dive, like Scouting’s Florida Sea Base.
I always try to avoid: Park City.
My idea of a good time: Spending the day in my greenhouse, repotting orchids.
Something that can always be found in my refrigerator: Ice cream.
A miracle gadget I’d like to see invented: something to make parents actively participate in their children’s activities.
Three adjectives that describe me: Caring, detail-oriented, impatient.
Ten years from now I want to be: Traveling the world promoting scouting.
Twenty years from now I want to be: Still alive.